The XXXVII Meeting of the Academia Ophthalmologica Internationalis took place in Sydney, Australia in conjunction with the Asia Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology (APAO).
The Asia Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology (APAO) Congress was held at the
Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour from 20-24 March, 2011.
Members and their guests had ample opportunity to participate in Congress activities
as well as enjoy the sights and attractions of Sydney and the bay.
Social events included the spectacular opening ceremony which reflected the theme,
significance, and heritage of the Asia Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology and the
Welcome Reception on Sunday, March 20, as well as the APAO President’s
Reception at Sergeant´s Mess, Sydney, with a ferry departure from Darling Harbour
and a rainy cruise, and finally the Congress Party.
We are grateful to APAO and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of
Ophthalmology (RANZCO) for their hospitality during our visit to Sydney. The APAO
meeting was beautifully organized under the leadership of its President, Prof. Ivan
Goldberg and Academician Prof. Charles Mc Ghee, who chaired the planning and
execution of a most impressive scientific program.
During the business meeting five new members were given medals, pins, and
Academia Elects New Members
Outstanding candidates were nominated for membership in the AOI and three new
members were elected.
Professor Paul Lee, M.D. elected to the AOI (Chair II)
Paul Lee, who is trained in Law (Columbia University), Medicine (University of
Michigan), and Ophthalmology (Johns Hopkins and Harvard), is a highly visible and
active member of the ophthalmologic “academy,” bringing scholarly insights,
research, and commitment to broad ophthalmic issues intersecting with health policy,
economics, advocacy, and governance. In addition to his work in these
underrepresented arenas critical to ophthalmology’s future, he retains a full workload
in the traditional aspects of our discipline: as the Gills Professor of Ophthalmology
and Vice-Chairman at the Duke University Eye Center and as Senior Advisor to the
Chancellor of the Duke University Health System. He has published over 190
scholarly articles and been a driving force in patient-centered perspectives in the
delivery of eye care, economic analyses of the costs of care and the impact of
visually disabling disorders, work-force size and standards, and in his subspecialty
In addition to his scholarly productivity, Prof. Lee serves on the Boards of Directors
of the American Board of Ophthalmology, the ARVO Foundation, and Prevent
Blindness, and in the past, has served on the Board of the AAO, Chaired the
American Glaucoma Society’s Quality of Care Committee, and co-chaired the AMAAAO
Consortium Task Force for Eye Care Delivery Indicators (PQRI). He has
received both the Lew Wasserman Merit Award from Research to Prevent Blindness
and the Alcon Institute Research Award.
Many of his contributions touch the provision of eye care around the globe. He
played a seminal role (with Mark Tso) to develop the first translation of the AAO
BCSC into a foreign language (Chinese), has mentored a highly regarded group of
young leaders in global ophthalmology, and contributed to the development of
international collaborative ophthalmic educational programs.
Professor Anselm Kampik, M.D. elected to the AOI (Chair IX)
Anselm Kampik is chairman of the University of Munich Eye Hospital, one of the
most prestigeous and famous departments of Ophthalmology in Europe. He has
made many contributions to eye pathology and vitreous surgery, e.g. pathogenesis
of macular edema and the use of different stains for better visualization of different
retinal layers. He has a prominent role in German and European ophthalmology,
being the longtime general secretary of the DOG and the newly elected president of
the European Academy of Ophthalmology. He has received honors such as the
EURETINA lecture award, Medaille d´Or Paul Chibret, and the W.R. Green Lecture
Professor Ioannis Pallikaris, M.D. elected to the AOI (Chair XVII)
Ioannis Pallikaris is one of the founders of modern refractive surgery. He has been
active in many areas of the science of ophthalmology, creating the Institute of
Ophthalmic Research adjoined to to his Department of Ophthalmology at the
University of Crete. He has received distinguished and preeminent international
honours. His current activity at the moment is focuses on the science of refractive,
cataract, and corneal surgery.
He is presently serving as the Rector of the Crete University.
Twenty-two Academicians attended the business meeting.
Special scientific session
The special scientific session was opened after the business meeting. The following obituary was delivered by Prof. G. Coscas.
In memoriam Georges Perdriel 1922-2008
Professor Georges PERDRIEL died on 11 December 2008 at Val-de-Grâce hospital
after a brief emergency admission.
Our friend was a member of the Academia Ophthalmologica Internationalis for many years and many Members remember his kindness, elegance and smile.
He was born in Pontivy, France and grew up in Lorient and then in Paris, where his parents were teachers at the École Alsacienne.
He completed his secondary education at Lycée Michelet, “just as proud of his success in the Baccalaureate as his sporting results”.
He then enrolled at the Cochin School of Medicine in Paris in 1939 and was trained at the Bretonneau Hospital which had a considerable surgical workload due to the limited medical personnel.
His military career began in October 1943, after passing the Bordeaux Military Ecole de Santé Navale entrance examination. He obtained first place, which he maintained throughout his academic career, and then began his residency in Ophthalmology
with Prof. Beauvieux.
Before passing his clinical examinations and defending his thesis, he joined his classmates in a naval aviation combat unit with the mission to protect Allied convoys between Corsica, Sardinia, and France.
As a result of this first contact with aeronautics, he realised the importance of the pilot’s, navigator’s, and observer’s visual function.
He presented his doctorate thesis in March 1946, reporting his mosquito-control results at the Hyères Naval Aviation base. This period played a critical role in his decision to become an Air Force military doctor.
After obtaining his Diploma in Aeronautic Medicine, he attended the Centre d’Etudes de Biologie Aéronautique and spent several years on Air Force bases in Paris and in Bordeaux until 1952, with Captain Pallas, Head of the Ophthalmology Department.
He joined the staff of Val de Grâce Military Hospital, where he received remarkable training and teaching from Professor Payrau, whom he always admired profoundly.
In 1956, he was appointed as Head of Department of Ophthalmology. He directed the Department of the Centre Principal d’Expertises Médicales du Personnel Navigant de l’Aéronautique (Aeronautic and Flight Personnel Medical Assessment Centre) until 1967.
In 1960, he was appointed Professor to the Service de Santé des Armées. During this period, he developed techniques for the neurophysiologic investigation of visual function.
He was one of the French pioneers in the field of electrophysiological investigation of the retina and visual cortex. He participated in the first nuclear tests in Reggane Sahara, and studied the consequences of the nuclear flash and proposed protective measures.
He was endowed as Chair and First Professor of Ocular Pathophysiology, a chair created for specific teaching on the impact of air flight on visual function.
In 1967, he became Professor and Head of the Department of Ophthalmology at Val de Grâce Hospital in Paris.
In 1976, he was appointed Director of the Ecole d’Application Air and National Ophthalmology Consultant to the Armed Forces. During this period, he developed closer bonds with the Faculty of Medicine of Paris, as a result of his friendly relations with Professors Offret and Brégeat.
In 1979, he was appointed Chairman of the Conseil Médical de l’Aviation Civile (Civil Aviation Medical Board). His clinical and teaching experience allowed him to develop continuing education programmes for accredited physicians. He participated in the work of the Prévention Routière (Road Accident Prevention), and the Association Française de l’Eclairage.
From 1979 to 1982, he was Inspector of the Service de Santé pour l’Armée de l’Air (Air Force Medical Service) and then Inspector-General of the Service de Santé des Armées (Armed Forces Medical Service) until 1984, when he was promoted to Chair of the Conseil Médical de l’Aviation Civile (Civil Aviation Medical Board) from 1979 to 1989.
Professor Perdriel was member of the the International Academy of Aviation and Space Medicine. He was chairman of the First International Air Rescue Congress in 1983 and the 29th International Congress of Aviation and Space Medicine in Nancy.
He was a member of many scientific societies and participated in many of their reports. He participated in two reports of the Société Française d’Ophtalmologie, (on blindness in childhood in 1969 and on lasers in ophthalmology in 1981).
He was author or co-author of 500 publications, with about 100 devoted to aviation ophthalmology.
He was named Commander of the Legion of Honour and the National Order of Merit, Officer of the Academic Palms and was awarded the Aeronautics Medal.
He will remain the most prominent Frenchman in the field of aviation ophthalmology in the later half of the twentieth century, a period of particularly intense growth in his specialty and avionics.
He skillfully integrated advancements in investigations, optical corrections, and surgical techniques into his clinical approach, while complying with safety imperatives.
were delivered by the five newly inducted Members.
The first Inaugural Lecture was presented by Prof. ABHAY R. VASAVADA, entitled
"Paradigms for congenital cataract measurement".
Prof. CHARLES MCGHEE delivered the second Inaugural Lecture entitled "In vivo
confocal microscopy – rapidly revealing the cornea´s secrets”.
The third Inaugural Lecture was presented by Prof. TETSURO OSHIKA. His talk was
entitled "Visual Optics in Cataract Surgery".
Prof. MARTINE J. JAGER delivered the next lecture: "Macrophages: relevant in uveal
Prof. TIEN YIN WONG spoke on "Hypertensive Retinopathy – a Century of progress".
Prof. KANXING ZHAO spoke on "Molecular basis of retinitis pigmentosa associated with the defect of pre-mRNA splicing".
followed during the Special Scientific Session beginning with
Prof. PRAN NAGPAL "How artists play with our vision – befooling the eye".
Prof. DENNIS LAM spoke about “Sodium4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA). A potential new
Prof. Paul Lichter introduced the Orator Prof. M.V. SRINIVASAN who presented his
lecture: "The world through the eye of a bee: vision, navigation and “cognition” in
honeybees, and application to robotics".
At the beginning of a special strategy session, President Paul Lichter reviewed the
origins, history, mission, and vision statements of the AOI. He also presented its
strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges. The discussion revolved
around the question of the future direction and which goals we wish to achieve.
The G.O.H. Naumann Award of the ICO is given annually to an ophthalmologist who has made a significant contribution to global eye care in his or her community in an effort to promote educational programs and establish service models for other societies.
This year’s award was presented to Academician DR. FRANK BILLSON, a pioneer in saving the eyesight of premature babies. As Foundation Professor of Ophthalmology since 1978, Professor Billson has been Director of the Save Sight Institute at the University of Sydney since 1985. He is the director of the Lions NSW Eye Bank and a staff member of the Sydney Eye Hospital.
Dr. Billson’s enthusiasm and leadership can be seen in his international contributions, including his training work in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, India, China, Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the Solomon Islands. He was also instrumental in the establishment of the Chittagong Eye Infirmary and Training Complex in Bangladesh with Foresight Australia. Dr. Billson believes that through the transfer of skills and knowledge, the developed world has an obligation to help the rest of the world overcome diseases that have largely been eradicated in the West. He is an inspirational role model to his students and colleagues and a great comfort to his patients. Dr. Billson’s work has saved the sight and enhanced the quality of life of thousands.
We congratulate Dr. Billson on his outstanding contribution to ophthalmology and the prevention of visual loss.
The following symposia were held during 2011
AOI Symposium at APAO, Sydney:
“DEALING WITH COMPLICATIONS OF ANTERIOR SEGMENT SURGERY”
Chairs: MARIE-JOSÉ TASSIGNON, MD and PAUL LICHTER, MD
RICHARD ABBOTT, MD
“Dealing with Infections after Lasik”
JORGE ALIÓ, MD
“Management of post-Lasik corneal ectasia”
MARIE-JOSÉ TASSIGNON, MD
“Dealing with zonular dialysis during phacoemulsification”
PAUL LICHTER, MD
“Dealing with non filtering, flat or encapsulate blebs”
PRAN NATH NAGPAL, MD
“Dealing with early-onset endophthalmitis after cataract surgery”
ABHAY VASAVADA, MD
“The unsatisfied patient after multifocal IOL impantantion”
KENSAKU MIYAKE, MD
“Cystoid macular edema in early pseudophakia”
“MANAGEMENT OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY”
Chairs: IAN CONSTABLE (Australia), TIEN WONG (Singapore), DENNIS LAM (Hong Kong)
HUGH TAYLOR (Australia)
“Screening procedure and global strategies for detection of diabetic retinopathy”
TIEN WONG (Singapore)
“Medical association with diabetic retinopathy and complications for management”
DENNIS LAM (Hong Kong)
“Laser and pharmacotherapy for diabetic macular edema”
KENNETH FONG (Malaysia)
“Micropulse yellow laser for diabetic maculopathy”
WILLIAM MIELER (USA)
“Surgical treatment for macular edema”
IAN CONSTABLE (Australia)
AOI Lecture “Management of proliferative diabetic retinopathy with laser and pharmacotherapy”
AOI symposium at SOE, Geneva:
“HERPETIC EYE DISEASE”
Chair P. VASSILEVA
“Surgical treatment in cases of herpetic keratitis: the time, the form of keratoplasty, postoperative treatment”
“Clinical features of acute retinal necrosis syndrome”
MIGUEL N. BURNIER
“Ocular tissue response and diagnosis of herpes infection”
RUBENS BELFORT JR
“How to manage it in 2011”
“The challenge of herpetic eye disease”
AOI symposium at PAAO, Buenos Aires:
“EMINENCE BASED OPHTHALMOLOGY (EVIDENCE + EXPERIENCE):
CHALLENGING CASES AND SITUATIONS”
Chairs: PAUL R. LICHTER MD, ENRIQUE S. MALBRÁN Sr. MD, MIGUEL N. BURNIER JR. MD PhD
RICHARD L. ABBOTT MD
“Evidence-based clinical guidelines into your practice”
ALVARO RODRÍGUEZ GONZÁLEZ MD
“Técnicas diagnósticas como ayuda en el manejo oftalmológico basado en la evidencia: Presentación de dos casos”
ENRIQUE L. GRAUE WIECHERS MD
“Penetrating keratoplasty vs deep lamelar keratoplasty. An evidence based approach”
ENRIQUE S. MALBRÁN SR. MD
“Altenativas actuales en las opaciades corneales y situaciones extremas vitreoretinales”
JUAN VERDAGUER TARADELLA MD
PAUL R. LICHTER MD
“How clinical trial results have affected my practice”
FRANCISCO CONTRERAS CAMPOS MD
RUBENS BELFORT JR. MD PhD
“Evidence x non-evidence based treatment of uveitis”
MIGUEL N. BURNIER JR. MD PhD
“Diagnostic vitrectomy in a case of posterior uveitis”
Academician ENRIQUE MALBRAN had a lovely reception and dinner for all of the AOI
members and spouses who attended the Congress.
The following Symposia will be held in 2012:
AOI symposium at WOC2012 Abu Dhabi (Sunday, March 19, 2012):
“DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF RETINOPATHY IN PROGRESSIVE MYOPIA”
Chairs: JORGE L ALIO and PETER WIEDEMANN
“The mystery of high myopia”
“Prevelance and importance of myopic degeneration as a major cause of legal blindness in the myope”
“The myopic retina: what makes it spoilt?”
“Types and classification of retinal degeneration in high myopia”
GEORGE P THEODOSSIADIS
“Retinal detachment in the high myope: anatomical and visual outcomes of retinal repair”
MARIA JOSE TASSIGNON
“Lens surgery in the high myope: how to balance the retinal risk with the benefit”
“Introduction: AOI lecture”
AOI Lecture: “Mechanisms of Central Vision Loss in Myopic Eyes”
AOI symposium at WOC 2012 Abu Dhabi (Monday, March 20, 2012):
"MILESTONES IN OPHTHALMOLOGY"
Chair: JEAN-JACQUES DE LAEY
“IOL and Ridley”
“Charles Schepens: from Mouscron to Boston”
J.J. DE LAEY
“Vesalius. 500 years of ocular anatomy”
AOI Symposia at APAO 2012 Busan, Corea:
"UPDATE ON CORNEAL DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT"
Chairs: TETSURO OSHIKA and RICHARD ABBOTT
“Clinical pearls in the management of corneal trauma"
"What have we learned from imaging the keratoconic cornea by in vivo confocal microscopy"
"Optical quality of ocular surface and visual function"
"Clinical results and complications of Intacs segment implantation"
"Modified technique of big bubble deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) and results”
"Endothelial keratoplasty in Asian eyes"
“POSTERIOR SEGMENT COMPLICATIONS OF ANTERIOR SEGMENT SURGERY”
Chair: ABHAY R. VASAVADA
“Posterior capsule rupture and its management”
“Update on management of nucleus/lens matter drop”
“Implications and management of postoperative choroidal detachments”
“Preventing retinal problems during phaco”
“Retinal detachment after cataract surgery”
“Macula and cataract surgery (ARMD and / or diabetic maculopathy”
Topic to be confirmed